Wassce 2022: Geography Questions and Answers

Study the map of EDORI DISTRICT and use it to answer questions 1 to 10

1. The distance from Kpaki to Iwenak by road is approximately

A.            13.0 km

B.            25.0 km ANSWER B

C.            36.0 km

D.            45.0 km

2. The highest elevation in the mapped area is approximately

A.            450 metres

B.            575 metres

C.            675 metres ANSWER C

D.            850 metres

3. What is the predominant drainage pattern in the southeastern part of the mapped area?

A.            Trellis

B.            Dendritic

C.            Radial ANSWER C

D.            Rectilinear

4. Animal rearing can best be practised in the

A.            Western part of the mapped area

B.            Northern part of the mapped area ANSWER B

C.            Southwestern part of the mapped area

D.            Eastern part of the mapped area

5. What are the likely occupations of the inhabitants of Iwenak?

A.            Mining, fishing and trading

B.            Trading, bot building and lumbering

C.            Driving, mining and trading

D.            Teaching, crop production and animal rearing ANSWER D

6. What will be the new scale if the map is enlarged to twice its original size

A.            1:400,000

B.            1:200,000 ANSWER B

C.            1:100,000

D.            1:50,000

7. The feature marked W in the mapped area is a

A.            Knoll ANSWER A

B.            Plateau

C.            Plain

D.            Saddle

8. The scale of the map in Representative Fraction (RF) is

A.            1:20,000

B.            1:120,000

C.            1:150,000

D.            1:200,000 ANSWER D

9. The distance as a crow flies from Dodo to Iwenak is approximately

A.            10.0 km

B.            20.0 km ANSWER B

C.            25.0 km

D.            32.0 km

10. What is the relationship between relief and transportation networks in the mapped area? The

A.            Roads pass through low-relief areas ANSWER A

B.            Roads pass through the high elevations

C.            Roads were constructed across passes

D.            Roads pass through flooded plains

Study the climatic data of Station A and use it to answer question 11 to 13

Rainfall (mm)000088118163193163000

11. The annual range of temperature of Station A is

A.            57⁰C

B.            13⁰C ANSWER B

C.            23⁰C

D.            12⁰C

12. What is the annual rainfall recorded at Station A?

A.            725 mm ANSWER A

B.            735 mm

C.            625 mm

D.            752 mm

13. The month with the hottest temperature is

A.            August

B.            September

C.            May ANSWER C

D.            January

14. The poor development of inland waterways in Africa is explained by all the following except

A.            Swift flow of rivers

B.            Presence of rapids and waterfalls

C.            Crossing of political boundaries by rivers ANSWER C

D.            The seasonality of flow of the rivers

15. If the time at longitude 30⁰ E is 6.00 a.m., what will be the time at longitude 15⁰ W?

A.            3.00 am ANSWER A

B.            3.00 pm

C.            9.00 am

D.            9.00 pm

16. The common cash crops that can be cultivated in the Equatorial forest of West Africa are

A.            Rye, wheat and coffee

B.            Rice, cashew and millet

C.            Oil palm, cocoa and rubber

D.            Shea butter, cassava and coffee ANSWER D

17. Which of the following features is not associated with a seif-dune?

A.            Composed of ancient rock ANSWER A

B.            Parallel to wind direction

C.            Long and narrow

D.            Steep sides and knife-like tops

18. The type of climatic found on the western margins of the continents between latitude 30⁰ and 40⁰ north and south of the equator is the

A.            Monsoon

B.            Mediterranean ANSWER B

C.            Sudan savanna

D.            China type

19. Which of the following ports specializes in receiving and redistribution of goods to neighbouring countries?

A.            Ferry port

B.            Entrepot ANSWER B

C.            River port

D.            Out port

20. In an artesian basin, the permeable rock layer which list between two layers of impermeable rock is

A.            Canal

B.            Flood plain

C.            Bluff

D.            Aquifer ANSWER D

21. How many standard time zone will a country which extends from longitude 60⁰E to 150⁰E have?

A.            14

B.            10

C.            6 ANSWER C

D.            4

22. In which section of the river’s course is lateral erosion most pronounced?

A.            Upper

B.            Middle

C.            Youthful

D.            Lower ANSWER D

23. On June 21st each year, all places in the northern hemisphere experience

A.            Complete darkness for 14 hours

B.            Longer days and shorter nights ANSWER B

C.            Equal length of day and night

D.            Longer nights and shorter days

24. Which of the following pairs are characteristics of sedimentary rocks? They

I.             Are stratified

II.            Are metamorphosed rocks

III.           Are non-crystalline

IV.          Originate from molten magma

A.            I and II only

B.            I and III only ANSWER B

C.            II and IV only

D.            III and IV only

25. Which of the following features will be formed when an enlongated bar of sand or shingles links an island to a mainland

A.            Bar

B.            Tombolo ANSWER B

C.            Spit

D.            Headland

26. The factor which least influence the location of an industry is

A.            Presence of labour

B.            Proximity to harbour ANSWER B

C.            Availability of capital

D.            Regular supply of power

27. A major benefit of international trade is

A.            Stabilization of prices ANSWER A

B.            Complete dependence on other countries

C.            Revenue generation

D.            Free movement of people and goods

28. The regional group of West African countries which promote integration in fields such as trade and energy is the

A.            Economic Community of West African States ANSWER B

B.            Trade Cooperation of West African States

C.            Economic Cooperation of West African States

D.            Economic Coordination of West African States

29. Which of the following best explains why limestone regions are usually dry?

A.            Excessive evaporation

B.            Excessive percolation of rainwater ANSWER B

C.            Presence of stalactites

D.            Very little rainfall in limestone areas

30. The twenty-four hour period of daylight experienced at the Artic Circle on June 21st is caused primarily by the

A.            Rotation of the earth in relation to the international dateline

B.            Sequence of day and night that results from the earth’s rotation

C.            Inclination of the earth’s axis together with its revolution around the sun ANSWER B

D.            Depletion of the ozone layer in the atmosphere

31. In the southern hemisphere, winds blowing from the sub-Tropical High towards the Temperate Low pressure belts are called roaring forties because they

A.            Roar when they come into contact with cold polar winds

B.            Are westerlies ANSWER B

C.            Blow with great force as there is little land barrier in their way

D.            Caused great destruction in the 1940’s

32. The most essential element of the ecosystem is the

A.            Temperature at the sea

B.            Location of the system

C.            Growth per day

D.            Energy flow in the system ANSWER D

33. What is the approximate distance between two places located 20⁰N and 25⁰N on the same meridian?

A.            500 km

B.            555 km ANSWER B

C.            620 km

D.            4995 km

34.  What will be the temperature of air at a height of 2000 metres when the temperature at sea level is 10⁰C?

A.            -3⁰C ANSWER B

B.            2⁰C

C.            3⁰C

D.            23⁰C

35. Which of the following are benefits of mineral resources?

I.             Source of raw materials

II.            Source of foreign exchange

III.           Emigration

IV.          Unemployment

A.            I and II only ANSWER A

B.            I and IV only

C.            II and III only

D.            III and IV only

36. Which of the following pair of landforms can be found in the desert?

A.            Wave-cut platform and seif dune

B.            Sandbar and sandspit

C.            Yardang and zeugen ANSWER B

D.            Barchan and tombolo

37. Which of the following is a function performed by an urban centre for a rural area?

A.            Provision of fresh fruits and vegetables

B.            Supply of cheap industrial labour force

C.            Provision of centre for higher education ANSWER B

D.            Promotion of culture of the people

38. Which of the following sequence is an increasing order of settlement in terms of size?

A.            Town, conurbation, hamlet and village

B.            Hamlet, village, town and conurbation ANSWER B

C.            Village, town, conurbation and hamlet

D.            Megalopolis, town, hamlet and village

39. Which of the following characteristics is associated with cuesta?

A.            Round top

B.            Steep and gentle sides ANSWER B

C.            Flat wide top surface

D.            Rolling plain

40. The major factor which accounts for the low volume of trade among West African countries is

A.            Transfer of technology

B.            Similarity of products

C.            Predominance of indigenous technology ANSWER C

D.            Taste for home made goods

41. Industries are mostly concentrated in cities of Tropical African countries because of the

A.            Modernization of such cities

B.            Suitable railway networks

C.            Availability of agricultural raw materials

D.            Availability of power, labour and market ANSWER D

42. The downslope movement of weathered rock materials under the influence of gravity is called

A.            Mass wasting ANSWER A

B.            Erosion

C.            Denudation

D.            Weathering

43. A teacher who has relocated from a town to a city is said to have performed

A.            Rural-urban migration

B.            Urban-urban migration ANSWER B

C.            Rural-rural migration

D.            International migration

44. Which of the following pairs are factors that affect the rate of weathering?

I.             Climate

II.            Type of rock

III.           Relief

IV.          Tide

A.            I and IV only

B.            II and IV only

C.            I and II only ANSWER C

D.            III and IV only

45. One major factor responsible for the high population density in China is

A.            Absence of mineral resources

B.            Largest concentration of commercial activities ANSWER B

C.            Early marriage

D.            Family planning

46. Xerophytes are commonly found in

A.            Tropical rainforest areas

B.            Highlands of North America

C.            Mangrove swamp forest areas

D.            Desert areas ANSWER D

47.  Which of the following landforms is produced by extrusive vulcanicity?

A.            Batholith

B.            Composite cone ANSWER B

C.            Lopolith

D.            Sill

48. Which of the following pairs are processes of physical weathering?

I.             Frost action

II.            Hydrolysis

III.           Oxidation

IV.          Temperature changes

A.            I and III only

B.            I and IV only ANSWER B

C.            III and IV only

D.            II and III only

49. Which of the following is not a reason for the concentration of industries in urban centres of developing countries?

A.            Good transportation network

B.            Adequate infrastructure

C.            Abundant labour

D.            Small market ANSWER B

50. Which of the following statements about rains resulting from cloud seeding is accurate?

A.            Rainfall is preceded by strong winds

B.            Rainfall is accompanied by lightning and thunder

C.            Rainfall affects limited area ANSWER B

D.            Rainfall clouds are mainly cumulonimbus

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