WASSCE 2019 Geography Questions(Unsolved)

Study the map of NITY DISTRICT on page 9 and use it to answer question 1 to 10.

  1. What is the contour interval of the map?
    A. 50m
    B. 100m
    C. 150m
    D. 400m
  2. What is the scale of the map in statement form?
    A. One centimetre on the map represent half kilometer on the ground
    B. One centimetre on the map represent one kilometer on the ground
    C. One centimetre on the map represent five kilometer on the ground
    D. One centimetre on the map represent fifteen kilometer on the ground
  3. The approximate length of river ofon is
    A. 18.3 km
    B. 16.5 km
    C. 6.5 km
    D. 3.0 km
  4. Which of the following settlements is nodal?
    A. Beace
    B. Hop
    C. Proga
    D. NITY
  5. The highest elevation in the mapped area is approximately
    A. 800 m
    B. 900 m
    C. 1250 m
    D. 1400 m
  6. What is the relief feature marked X?
    A. Ridge
    B. Plateau
    C. Knoll
    D. Gorge
  7. If the map of NITY DISTRICT is reduced to half, what will be the scale of the new map in Representative Fraction (FR)?
    A. 1:25,000
    B. 1:50,000
    C. 1:100,000
    D. 1:150,000
  8. The relief feature on the west of NITY, which extends to the north-western corner of the map is a
    A. Gorge
    B. Plain
    C. Plateau
    D. Ridge
  9. In which settlement is mining practiced in the mapped area?
    A. NITY
    B. Hop
    C. Coura
    D. Proga
  10. Where can civil conflicts be resolved in the district?
    A. Proga
    B. Coura
    C. Hop
    D. NITY
  11. Which of the following statistical method is represented above?
    A. Dot map
    B. Isohaline map
    C. Flow map
    D. Bar chart
  12. How many passengers travelled between IZABU and Ashama?
    A. 6,000
    B. 8,000
    C. 10,000
    D. 12,000
  13. By how much is the traffic between IZABU and Anikpu more than the traffic between IZABU and Ugba?
    A. 1,200
    B. 1,500
    C. 1,700
    D. 1,800
  14. One major advantage of the figure is that, it
    A. Is easy to construct.
    B. Shows quantity and direction together.
    C. Is easy to interpret.
    D. Involves mathematical calculation.
  15. The density of the earth’s crust varies from
    A. 17.0 to 19.5 g/cm3
    B. 8.0 to 10.9 g/cm3
    C. 4.5 to 7.0 g/cm3
    D. 2.5 to 3.3 g/cm3
  16. Which of the following features is found in the upper course of a river?
    A. Levee
    B. Gorge
    C. Ox-bow lake
    D. Delta
  17. Which of the following elements of climate is used in the Greek system of climatic classification?
    A. Rainfall
    B. Pressure
    C. Humidity
    D. Temperature
  18. Two opposite longitudes form
    A. A Great Circle
    B. The Equator
    C. The International Date Line
    D. The Arctic
  19. What is the local time in Town X 45⁰ E, when it is noon at 0⁰?
    A. 6.00 pm
    B. 6.00 am
    C. 3.00 pm
    D. 3.00 am
  20. Which of the following examples of igneous rock is extrusive?
    A. Granite
    B. Basalt
    C. Gabbro
    D. Diorite
  21. Rift valleys are formed through which of the following processes?
    A. Erosion
    B. Folding
    C. Weathering
    D. Faulting
  22. Caverns, dry valleys and underground drainage are associated with which of the following areas?
    A. Coastal
    B. Desert
    C. Limestone
    D. Mountainous
  23. Which of the processes of wind action is erosion?
    A. Saltation
    B. Deflation
    C. Suspension
    D. Traction
  24. From what are carbonaceous type of sedimentary rocks made of?
    A. Tropical heat
    B. Molten magma
    C. Vegetable matter
    D. Coral remains
  25. Which of the following is a drainage pattern?
    A. Delta
    B. Mouth
    C. Source
    D. Trellis
  26. The predominant process of weathering in the desert region is
    A. Biological
    B. Chemical
    C. Physical
    D. Solution
  27. The instrument, barometer, is used for measuring
    A. Temperature
    B. Wind speed
    C. Relative humidity
    D. Air pressure
  28. Which climatic type has winter rain?
    A. Equatorial
    B. Mediterranean
    C. Tropical Continental
    D. Tropical Monsoon
  29. Which of the following igneous intrusions is horizontally inclined?
    A. Sill
    B. Dyke
    C. Laccolith
    D. Batholith
  30. Which of the following rocks is not metamorphic?
    A. Shale
    B. Schist
    C. Quartzite
    D. Slate
  31. If the temperature reading at an observatory located on top of a dormant volcano is 6⁰C, what will be the temperature at the bottom of the volcano, if the observatory is 3,000 metres from the surrounding lowland?
    A. 5.5 ⁰C
    B. 13.5 ⁰C
    C. 25.5 ⁰C
    D. 35.5 ⁰C
  32. A crescentic depositional feature found in a desert area is
    A. Rock pedestal
    B. Zeugen
    C. Yarding
    D. Barchan dune
  33. Which of the following is not a volcanic feature?
    A. Caldera
    B. Geyser
    C. Dyke
    D. Ventifact
  34. Earth’s surface is warmed by solar energy through
    A. Refraction
    B. Convection
    C. Conduction
    D. Radiation
  35. Vosges and Black Forest mountains are examples of
    A. Residual
    B. Block
    C. Fold
    D. Volcanic
  36. How many Standard Time Zone will a country with longitudinal extent of 150⁰ have?
    A. 10
    B. 11
    C. 15
    D. 16
  37. One important consequence of the location of Nigeria between latitude 4⁰ and 14⁰ North of the Equator is that
    A. The northern part of the country enjoys land and sea breezes
    B. All parts of the country receive rainfall throughout the year
    C. All parts of the country have luxuriant vegetation
    D. Some parts of the country enjoy a hot, wet topical climate throughout the year
  38. Subsistence is practiced when people
    A. Grow crops for consumption
    B. Grow only one crop
    C. Export only one crop
    D. Grow many crops for export
  39. Which of the following factors hinder the development of tourism?
    I. Spreads of diseases
    II. Escalation of crime
    III. Adequate publicity
    IV. Inadequate appreciation of leisure
    A. I and III only
    B. II and III only
    C. I and IV only
    D. III and IV only
  40. The busiest ocean trade route is the
    A. Mozambique channel
    B. Suez Canal route
    C. North Atlantic route
    D. Cape route
  41. A settlement type in which buildings are aligned along a road or river is said to be
    A. Dispersed
    B. Nucleated
    C. Linear
    D. Clustered
  42. The major causes of change in population size are
    A. Births, marriage and deaths
    B. Births, accidents and deaths
    C. Births, deaths and migration
    D. Migration, fertility and marriage
  43. Banking, insurance and teaching are examples of which industry?
    A. Consumer
    B. Tertiary
    C. Secondary
    D. Primary
  44. A rapid population growth can result from
    A. High death and low birth rate
    B. The use of family planning methods
    C. Absence of natural hazards
    D. Improved medical care
  45. The term relative location of a settlement refers to
    A. The nature of the land on which the settlement is located
    B. The position of a settlement in relation to others
    C. A settlement inhabited by relatives
    D. An imaginary point on a settlement
  46. Transportation helps economic development through all the following except
    A. Movement of people and commodities
    B. Promotion of national and international trade
    C. Diffusion of ideas and technology
    D. Distribution of human population
  47. Most industries in West African sub-region are
    A. Large-scale
    B. Small-scale
    C. Medium-scale
    D. Capital intensive
  48. Which of the following areas in tropical Africa is densely populated?
    A. South-western Nigeria
    B. The middle belt of West Africa
    C. The Sahel of West Africa
    D. The Niger Delta
  49. What is the sum total of human resources available in a country called?
    A. Cluster
    B. Inhabitants
    C. Population
    D. Primary
  50. The predominance of consumer-oriented industries in developing countries is accounted for by
    A. Limited demand
    B. Adequate capital
    C. limited skilled manpower
    D. High level of technology
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